The way Quraysh were behaving with Prophet Muhammad ﷺ was their way of limiting him to two options: either he ﷺ should forget about the spreading the Message and accept comfort and wealth, or he ﷺ would have to become a rebel and renegade. This was the limited view of the world they were attempting to impose on him.
What did he ﷺ do? Had his purpose merely revolved around the Quraysh and resisting their evil, he and the 70 strong men with him could have simply cut off the trade routes, thereby destroying the livelihood of the Quraysh and bringing them to their knees. At least one Companion actually suggested doing this. In the political, social and geographical context of that time, this was the most obvious and easy way to bring a complete halt to the aggression of the Quraysh, had this been the goal of the Messenger ﷺ.
But this was not his ﷺ goal. He did not react to their aggression. He ﷺ transcended the aggression, oppression, and injustice of his fellow human beings. And by this stance, he called us to do the same.
The Prophet ﷺ kept working on the Quraysh and on the Muslims, hoping that the Quraysh would see the fruits of faith and God-consciousness in his followers, and want to be like them. And in the end, this hope was blessed by God with actualization: in the end, the Quraysh DID see the fruits of faith and God-consciousness in the followers of the Messenger of God ﷺ.
The Apostle of God ﷺ insisted at the time of migration (Hijra) that the Muslims return every single one of the items the Quraysh had left in trust in their safekeeping, and this included money belonging to Abu Jahl. The Prophet ﷺ could have just kept that money to use for as long as he ﷺ had need of it. But that is not how the Prophet ﷺ operated. This insistence on returning people’s trusts to them is just one of the examples of the Prophet’s concern with doing things right, doing things with integrity, even towards those who show us enmity, who persecute us, who murder our kith and kin. The early Muslims were persecuted, tortured, and lost their kith and kin at the hands of the Quraysh, but it never stopped their leader ﷺ from keeping his eyes on his mission: to bring faith to each and every heart, including the hearts of the oppressors.
We all know this historical reality of how the Prophet ﷺ acted, but we don’t really think about what it means. In our own lives, if someone shows us the slightest disrespect, we forget any thought of that person’s well-being and any concern about how to behave with them on the highest level of good manners. We don’t care at all about their hearts, so we don’t place guidance for them as our number one priority. We allow ourselves to sink to the lowest possible levels and we feel this is our right – our right to be outraged, indignant, and angry. We even like to back up our behaviour by saying it is our duty to fight oppressors, as if our rudeness and social media arguments were the good fight.
Imagine what it meant to carefully and honourably return the items belonging to those who were trying to destroy Islam, and who had personally tortured, insulted and murdered your kinsmen; let alone the smear campaign they had launched and the murder plot against the Prophet himself. Put yourself there, put yourself in the actual shoes of the Companions at that time. The key – the secret to honourable action – is the orientation: knowing without any doubt that the reality is not out there in the exterior confrontation with one’s human opponents, but inside - in the personal inner landscape where it is a battle between the ego and its thirst for vengeance, and the soul and its thirst for God’s Pleasure Alone. The best victory is to live up to what God has called us to, out of our deep desire to win His Pleasure. And what He has called us to is nothing other than the highest level of integrity and magnanimity in all moments, never forgetting that He – The Most High – is watching, and that He, the Most High, will deal to each person what they deserve.
We have to see the migration itself in this light – it was not to get away from the Quraysh and their aggression, not to escape - but rather to continue working on them – this time through establishing a community that would be a shining expression of what it means to be Muslim. A community whose every action would be an iteration of the Message and an invitation to it. This was the city that would manifest the light of la ilaha il Allah Muhammad Rasul Allah ﷺ, that would pulsate and breathe the Truth in all aspects of its daily existence. Thus the migration was not just a horizontal move, it was a transcendence.
And it succeeded.
The Quraysh continued to come to Madinah and become Muslim because they saw in the example of Madinah everything that was nobler and better and more wholesome and sustainable than their own way of life, than their own society, than their own values and beliefs. They saw hope. They saw salvation from the game of opposites they had been trapped in. They saw the alternative and the way out of the oppression they were locked into by their culture and their society. The oppressor, too, needs liberation.
We, the Muslims of this age, living in countries in which we are the minority, we look very similar to the Children of Israel in Egypt before the coming of Prophet Moses. Many of us believe we have a choice - and most of us are making this choice on a daily basis: Either we play the game and run after a comfortable material life, assimilation, acceptance, big cars and houses, mortgages and bills that take us beyond our means and always beyond our needs; in other words: we seek the material good of this world in selfish pursuit of short-lived gratification and never-ending consumerism
we enter into another kind of trap: which is to be in continuous conflict with the circumstances we are in, fighting over scraps of short-lived material victory, feeling refused and rejected, constantly threatened by our surroundings, perceiving ourselves as under attack, reacting to the slightest questioning as a victim would, becoming defensive and playing the blame game, always aware and so busy being on the lookout for that which we feel constitutes an insult that we never have time to orient ourselves heavenward.
Especially following recent events, it is easy and may be legitimate to observe that our faith is being depicted unfairly, that the media is picking on us, conspiring to create a consensus in the minds of our fellow citizens against us, insisting on ignoring our own voices about what our faith is in favour of painting a picture of us that is not us – and using this to pass laws that burden the rest of the population with costs of more security, less privacy, and so on. Is there a concerted effort to malign Muslims and Islam? Is there a deliberate disregard for the correct information? Are there double standards at play? Yes.
But if we look at what the Prophetic example offers us, we recognize that we don’t have to engage with this situation on the same playing field as it is being offered to us. We CAN rise above. Malcolm X, when he was with the Nation of Islam, was reacting to the reality of his society, joining the game on the same playing field laid out by the powers that be in his society. When he became Muslim, he transcended this reality and gained a totally new vantage point, and from this place of elevation, he invited his fellow men to build a true alternative, one that went beyond the polemics of leaders around him.
We’ve got to transcend our situation. And be true Muslims – by which I mean: connected to the last Revelation.
Be a source of barakah (blessing) in this country –“mubarakaan ayna ma kuntu” (blessed wherever I am!) – be part of the solution.
Who better than us to bring remedies to a society that has reached a point at which cynicism about any possibility of an ideal society has crowded out all hope. A society in which it is so hard to be altruistic, to aspire to values, to carve out a space where it’s admirable to be moral. Who better than a person of God to bring the messages of morality, chastity, the importance of family – not as dogma, not as our culture that we want accommodated, but as meaningful solutions to the ills we are all suffering in this society.
Who better than recipients of the Final Divine Revelation to be the champions of the sanctity of human life, of ethics in all domains (science, business, politics, education, and even war). For example, we could have shared with the world our belief that it is not ethical to bomb people under any circumstances (for to do so is to burn people), instead of being people who brag about the nuclear weapons we have and who has more. We could have been the people who stood up against nuclear armament as a matter of religious ethics!
We could have been a group who advocates against genetic modification, because it is corrupting the creation of God. We could have similarly been the champions of organic food, of ethically-raised meat, of sustainable farming.
Islam is the rahmah that can save humans from themselves and transform and heal both oppressor and oppressed – if we can become the Madinah, people will see in us the fruits of this faith and the beauty and light they are missing.
We have the answers to the exact problems that plague humanity today, and yet we are silent and still, wrestling demons without taking sustenance from spiritual teachings. We are not standing up to fight the good fight. We lack any actual moral engagement that needs to be undertaken. We have become a people of words, and no deep soul action.
We could have been telling the oppressors: don’t oppress the weak; and showing the weak the way to liberation and freedom, through transcendence.
Where are we in the call to principles of justice, honour, altruism, which are at the heart of this faith? We only speak up when it is Muslims who we see being harmed. We are limiting ourselves severely in this way. We are showing ourselves to be tribal and selfish – to have the very same double standard we critique in others…if we show that we don’t care what happens to First Nations Peoples in this country, and around the world, or Rwandans recovering from a horrific genocide, or Ebola victims if they are not Muslim, or whoever is suffering in this world, then we have lost our moral leadership in this world.
This religion was meant to be a rahmah for ALL humanity. If humanity just sees us at the mercy of the game, reacting and playing along in one way or another, not offering mercy in the form of a new mode of existence, they cannot respect us. Thus, we are the roots of all these problems. Instead of going to the symptoms and making a fuss, we need to go to the roots. I know that you all know that Islam was meant as a rahmah for all humanity, but does it show in our daily actions? Do we pray daily for humans around the world who are suffering? Do we in any way demonstrate that we are the carriers of blessings to all of humanity, that we feel responsible for the well-being of all – does anyone in our society feel, when they see a Muslim, “oh, thank God, here is a Muslim. I feel safe now” or “you know, I just feel this inner peace when I’m around them” or “they really offer a wonderful alternative to the stressful life I have”?
People are not stupid. They pick up on the slightest deviation from your stated goals. They can tell when you talk a lot about humbleness and spiritual orientation, but you are the community who is known for the high consumption rates of food in Ramadan. When Muslims are the ones with massive homes, while claiming to be a community of moderation. They know of our extravagant weddings. When we claim that our religion is characterized by modesty, but we look like we are just following the rules but not the spirit of modesty. Or when we talk about love and care and we only love and care for ourselves. When we talk about religion but do not really have any joy in what we do for God.
They can detect that there is a disconnect between what we say we are, and how we really live. Anyone knows what a person who is truly detached from worldly concerns looks like, how that person speaks, what matters to that person. We claim to walk a spiritual path, but we are less spiritual than a Buddhist or anyone who practices meditation – because we don’t really practice the spiritual routines of our Prophet ﷺ. People can see through the claims we make: all they have to do is consider how they feel when they are in our presence.
It is time to start to embody Islam in the way that the Companions did in Madinah. This is our migration – from a life that has a label of “Muslim” stuck on it, without any embroidery of dhikr and mindfulness of God running through it, without the necessary integrity to hold it up, to becoming creatures who drink daily of the unconditional love and mercy of God, and pass it out to others who are thirsty for it. Make this your new year’s resolution and ask God to help you.